What I Wish Everyone Knew About Reptiles Amphibians.

Return to the Carboniferous – Travel to North Wales

Fossil remains of giant tree-like plants are on display at the Wrexham Museum as part of an exhibition called “Coils to Carnations”. Prehistoric trees, some up to 40 meters tall,

once formed part of a dense swamp in which giant insects and the first reptiles flourished. If you want to travel back in time for the Carboniferous geological period, head to North Wales.

Found on the site of an old steel mill

In 2003, fossilized trees were first dug up during forested mining works, on the site of a former steel mill near Wrexham. The actual site is in the village of Brimbo, a few miles north of Wrexham.

The fossil suggests that the land that eventually formed about 300 million years ago to form Wales was much closer to the equator than it is today and became part of a supercontinent called Laurentia, which covered the Western Hemisphere.

Geologists have been working on the site since its discovery,

but work had accelerated since 2006 as exposed fossils made of mudstone began to form and there were some concerns about missing these rare fossils. More than 20 individual specimens have been identified, many of which are being displayed to the public at the Wrexham Museum for the first time.

These ancient plants date back before the time of the dinosaurs, and flowering plants. They are giant clubmoss trunks like Lepidodendrons. The scientific name of clubmoss is lycopsids, many clubmoss genera still survive today, but they are too small for their giant ancestors, no match.

Formation of extensive coal deposits

As the wood and other plant material were compressed and decayed, it moved on to the coal deposits. Welsh coalfields took about 20 million years to form, since most of these coal fields were depleted, about 200 years before the Industrial Revolution.

A team of geologists helped oversee the conservation of fossils, all found on a site with a length of just 50 meters. The land is designated for the new housing and lighting industry,

but developer Parkhill Estates decided after discussing with local lobbyists that they wanted to try to preserve fossil specimens as much as possible.

In diagrams of fossil specimens that form part of the new exhibition,

cross-hatching patterns can be seen on typical fossil specimens of Lycosidae. Museum staff will help explain how fossils were formed and what kind of creatures lived in this Carboniferous forest. There must have been scorched giant spiders and millipedes, along with many flying insects including primitive reptiles as well as large dragonflies.

The Wrexham.

Museum exhibition will provide visitors with a rare insight into the region’s prehistoric past, a display of life dating back to around 300 million years in North Wales, as well as an insight into the historical and industrial heritage in the regions.

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